This WP review the background knowledge of key patent-related issues in the ICT industry. It‘s the starting point for future analyses and proposals. Pursuing the following objectives:

a. Produce an analysis of the state-of-the-art debate of the role of patents as mechanisms that might foster or hinder innovation and social progress, and compare patents with alternative mechanisms (like, for instance, open source software).

b. Understand the main theoretical models for the functioning of patents as an appropriation mechanism by looking specifically at the ICT industry in Europe.

c. Understand under what conditions patents are destroying value in the European ICT industry. By studying how small firms and inventors are affected by excessive attention on patenting by the major actors in the industry.

d. Review and assess the solutions proposed so far in the literature to circumvent the drawbacks of patents.


State-of-the-Art Literature Review

Review of literature on patent protection, patent fragmentation, patent litigation and patent strategies. Both theoretical and empirical work are being consider. This literature review is part of the background understanding of the problem we want to deal with.

Download the finale reports of WP2

Data Analysis, Evidence and Characterization of the Issues

Construction of a data set that encompasses all possible players in the ICT industry in Europe.

The analysis takes into account the different problematic and challenges currently faced by different type of actors ranging from upstream companies, which try to get a return on their innovation / IP assets, to downstream companies, which need third party IPR to make and sell their products or provide their services.

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Level of fulfilment of the societal objectives of the Patent system. The ethics debate of the Patent system

The task review the existing literature about the societal impacts of the patent system, which so far has been mainly focused to patents in the pharmaceutical industry including patenting of stem cells and DNA. The study is focus on the societal impacts in the ICT industries reflecting the five aims of Responsible

Research and Innovation RRI

• facilitating the access to scientific results (open access),
• taking account of the ethical dimension (ethical issues),
• engaging society more broadly with research and innovation activities (public engagement),
• ensuring gender equality in both the research process and research content (gender dimension), and
• promoting formal and informal science education (education


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